Blackjack Basics & History ( Full 2021 Guide)

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Blackjack History

Blackjack history is an intriguing subject. Here at Top 10 Slot Games, we can give you the Las Vegas tips and tricks that will help you look like a big shot in both the casinos and the bars. Blackjack is one of those forms of gambling that has really stood the test of time. Slot machines are relatively new because of their use of technology. As such they have gained popularity massively in the last few decades. Some believe that they have not earned their place in the ‘gambling hall of fame’. Blackjack has been around for centuries and like gambling in general. It has always had an interesting history both culturally and legally.

Gambling through time

Think back to those history lessons. We bet you didn’t hear about the Romans love of gambling. You were taught about the wars and the building of the Coliseum. Well, in fact, the Romans loved gambling. Where did our love of placing bets on our favourite football teams come from? Gladiators. Only our version of sports is less bloody nowadays. However, there are arguments made by many historians that Romans invented an early version of blackjack, using wooden blocks.


The game of Ventiuna originated in Spain long after the Roman Empire crumbled. This is a more plausible explanation of modern blackjack and how it came to be so loved by many. Its mention is from a Spanish novel from the 17th century. It depicts two characters playing a counting game where they aim to get to 21. There have even been earlier mentions of a counting game that involved gambling in Spain. However, it was called Trente-un. This was played in the 15th century and whilst it has a different name. It displays all of the fundamentals of the game we know and love today.


Vingt-et-Un was a French game played similarly to the one originating in Spain and was popular in casinos all over the country. The game very closely follows the rule of modern-day blackjack but there were wagers after each singular card was dealt and only the dealer was allowed to double. It was eventually spread all over the world after being banned in France, gaining massive popularity in America. It was there that the name was changed to blackjack and became what it is today.

The Basics of Blackjack

The basic rules of blackjack that all beginners or experienced casino-goers need to know are; that in a game of blackjack, the player is making decisions in order to beat the dealer and therefore the house. The values of the cards are quite simple in that all numbered cards are normal value. However, the picture cards are counted as values of 10 and an ace can be interpreted as a 1 or an 11.

The game of blackjack needs some sort of strategy to win, just like roulette strategies. you need to understand that strategies are important in order to win.

The Pack

In a game of blackjack, the standard 52 card pack is dealt from a shoe. This is a box that aids the dealer in dealing the cards one at a time, face down without them actually having to hold a large number of cards. Nowadays, a 6 deck game is considered one of the most common forms of blackjack in order to make the game harder for card counters and to restore the house edge. The shoe is a very useful tool in this respect, as you can also put in a different type of card to signify to the dealer that the cards need to be reshuffled.

The Objective

Many people assume that the objective of the game is to win as much money as possible, but they would be wrong. The actual objective of the game is to beat the dealer, who really represents the house. You do this by beating the dealer to 21 without going bust. If you simply aim to reach 21 without considering what the dealer’s cards are, then you will lose. It is also important to remember that you are not playing against the other players at the table. So be courteous but do not get tricked into believing that “you’re all in this together”.

The Table Layout

If you are new to a casino, it is easy to be dazzled by the bright lights and the noise of people on the slot machines around you. Therefore, it is important to know your way around a casino before you enter. That is so that you do not end up at the wrong table and end up playing a completely different game to what you initially intended. Blackjack tables are generally semicircular in shape and can accommodate up to 12 people betting at a time. But on average, they hold up to 7 people at any one time. It is also important that you identify what the minimum and maximum wagers that you can place at the tables are. This is so that you can identify what table is perfect for you and your bankroll.

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